Hybrid Power Plants


Recommended prerequisite for participation in the module

The module is based on knowledge achieved when studying the 2nd semester on the Master of Science in Energy Engineering with an electrical specialisation or Master of Science in Sustainable Energy Engineering with specialisation in Offshore Energy Systems or the Master of Science in Advanced Power Electronics.

Content, progress and pedagogy of the module

Learning objectives


  • Understand the architecture, operational strategies and market integration of hybrid power plants comprising of renewable energy sources such as wind and solar PV, energy storage systems and flexible electrical loads e.g. electrolyzers
  • Have knowledge on monitoring, control and interoperability in hybrid power plants
  • Have knowledge on information and communication technologies (ICT) including protocols utilized in hybrid power plants
  • Have knowledge on optimisation techniques required for sizing and operation of hybrid power plants
  • Have knowledge on participation of hybrid power plants in day ahead and ancillary service markets
  • Have knowledge on Real-Time Control-in-the-Loop simulation techniques for hybrid power plants


  • Be able to design and tune a hybrid power plant controller
  • Be able to apply a model-based design approach for verification and validation of hybrid power plant controllers
  • Be able to ensure grid compliance of hybrid power plants


  • Be able to develop mathematical models for various assets in a hybrid power plant e.g. wind turbines, solar PV, batteries, electrolyzers, grid meters, communication, etc.
  • Be able to develop simulation models for hybrid power plants to ensure grid compliance
  • Be able to implement hybrid power plant control on commercial controllers (PLCs)

Type of instruction

The course will be planned and organised in close interaction with on-going research and development activities at the Department of Energy and its collaborators.

Project topics are accounted for when determining the course content.

Guest lecturers and e-learning activities will also be involved if this is relevant to the course aims. All lectures include exercises focusing on the presented material. All exercises will be done using MATLAB and Simulink. Several exercises will be performed in the Smart Energy Systems Lab using Opal-RT and industrial controllers. In this way the participants will get a hands-on experience with real-life systems.

Extent and expected workload

Since it is a 5 ECTS course module, the work load is expected to be 150 hours for the student.



Name of examHybrid Power Plants
Type of exam
Oral exam based on a project
Oral examination based on the submitted report with solution of assignments.
Each student must submit all the laboratory exercises in the form of a report. The oral examination will be based on the submitted report and the presented material.
Permitted aids
With certain aids:
For more information about permitted aids, please visit the course description in Moodle.
Assessment7-point grading scale
Type of gradingInternal examination
Criteria of assessmentThe criteria of assessment are stated in the Examination Policies and Procedures

Facts about the module

Danish titleHybride vedvarende energianlæg
Module codeN-EE-K3-28
Module typeCourse
Duration1 semester
Language of instructionEnglish
Empty-place SchemeYes
Location of the lectureCampus Aalborg
Responsible for the module


Study BoardStudy Board of Energy
DepartmentDepartment of Energy
FacultyThe Faculty of Engineering and Science