Battery Energy Storage Systems


Content, progress and pedagogy of the module

The module is based on knowledge achieved when studying the 2nd semester on the Master of Science in  Energy Engineering with an electrical or thermal specialisation or Master of Science in Sustainable Energy Engineering with specialisation in Offshore Energy Systems or similar.

Learning objectives


  • Have knowledge about different battery energy storage technologies (e.g. lithium-ion, lead acid etc.) and understand their operation principles
  • Understand the operation/role of energy storage devices and their suitability for different applications (e.g., grid services, electrical vehicles etc.)
  • Have good knowledge about the performance (static and dynamic) behaviour of batteries and its dependence on the operating conditions (temperature, load current etc.). Gain experience about different performance and thermal modelling approaches and model parameterization techniques using digital platforms
  • Understand the degradation process of lithium-ion and lead-acid batteries from a macroscopic perspective. Gain knowledge about different methods for lifetime estimation of batteries using digital platforms
  • Gain practical knowledge about testing of lead-acid and lithium-ion batteries in laboratory


  • Be able to evaluate the suitability of different energy storage technologies for various applications
  • Be able to test different battery technologies in laboratory and to measure their most important electrical and thermal parameters
  • Be able to derive various battery parameters from laboratory measurements


  • Be able to develop performance models for different battery technologies based on various requirements using digital platforms
  • Independently be able to develop procedures for laboratory testing of batteries

Type of instruction

The course will be planned and organised in close interaction with on‐ going research and development activities at the Department of Energy and its collaborators. All modules include exercises focusing on the presented material; some exercises will be performed using MATLAB and Simulink. Moreover, some exercises will be carried out on programmable battery test stations. Finally, different e-learning activities may be used.

Extent and expected workload

Since it is a 5 ECTS course module, the work load is expected to be 150 hours for the student.



Name of examBattery Energy Storage Systems
Type of exam
Oral exam based on a project
Each student should submit all the laboratory exercises in the form of a report. The oral examination will be based on the submitted report.
Permitted aids
With certain aids:
For more information about permitted aids, please visit the course description in Moodle.
Assessment7-point grading scale
Type of gradingInternal examination
Criteria of assessmentThe criteria of assessment are stated in the Examination Policies and Procedures

Facts about the module

Danish titleEnergilagringssystemer til batteri
Module codeN-EE-K3-11B
Module typeCourse
Duration1 semester
Language of instructionEnglish
Empty-place SchemeYes
Location of the lectureCampus Aalborg, Campus Esbjerg
Responsible for the module


Study BoardStudy Board of Energy
DepartmentDepartment of Energy
FacultyThe Faculty of Engineering and Science