Molecular Biology


Recommended prerequisite for participation in the module

The module builds on knowledge gained in Biomolecuels and Biochemistry I, Biochemistry II or similar

Content, progress and pedagogy of the module

  • The structure and organization of the genetic material including DNA, RNA, the bacterial genome and plasmids
  • Replication of DNA including segregation and mitosis
  • Genetic variation, mutation, repair mechanisms, recombination, mobile genetic elements and transcription factors
  • Transcription and translation, operons, RNA synthesis, mRNA splicing, protein synthesis and the genetic code
  • Molecular biological methods in theory and practice focusing on methods for genetic modification of microorganisms for production and other biotechnological purposes
  • Genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics
  • Introduction to simple molecular biology phylogenetical tools

Learning objectives


Students who have passed the module 

  • Can account for the central dogma and its implicationscan, account for  the nature, organization and replication of the genetic material in prokaryotes as well as in eukaryotes
  • Can account for the structure and regulation of genes including cis-and trans-regulatory elements
  • Can account for transcription and translation in prokaryotes as well as in eukaryotes including the operon model, protein synthesis and the genetic code
  • Can account for the theory behind central molecular biological methods - especially methods that can be used for modification and monitoring of biotechnologically relevant organisms
  • Can understand the principles behind the so-called "omics" technologies
  • Can understand the most simple bioinformatics tools


  • Can use selected molecular biological methods
  • Can plan a series of experiments to modify an organism from the methods learned during the course
  • Can describe the applications of genetically engineered organisms in biotechnology including considerations related to ethics and safety
  • Can use blast and elementary algorithms for molecular biological phylogeny

Type of instruction

  • Lectures and laboratory exercises

Extent and expected workload

150 hours



Name of examMolecular Biology
Type of exam
Written exam
4 hours
Assessment7-point grading scale
Type of gradingInternal examination
Criteria of assessmentThe criteria of assessment are stated in the Examination Policies and Procedures

Facts about the module

Danish titleMolekylærbiologi
Module codeK-BBT-B5-5
Module typeCourse
Duration1 semester
Language of instructionEnglish
Empty-place SchemeYes
Location of the lectureCampus Copenhagen
Responsible for the module


Education ownerBachelor of Science (BSc) in Engineering (Sustainable Biotechnology)
Study BoardStudy Board of Chemistry and Bioscience
DepartmentDepartment of Chemistry and Bioscience
FacultyThe Faculty of Engineering and Science