Citizens, the Third Sector and the State


Content, progress and pedagogy of the module

This course focuses on the interactions between citizens, the third sector (or voluntary and community organizations) and government at different levels. In recent years, there have been important trends towards a greater involvement of citizens and civil society in decision-making and the provision of public services, in order to address a growing democratic deficit, adapt the welfare state to changing demographics, and decrease costs. The involvement of citizens and voluntary organisations in tackling important social problems – or co-production and co-creation – is thus a key theme in contemporary public administration research.

Learning objectives


  • Has knowledge on theories of citizen participation, co-production and co-creation
  • Understand different types of partnerships and collaborations


  • Can analyze the barriers and challenges of co-production and co-creation in different sectors and different contexts
  • Can discuss strengths and weaknesses of selected theories of participation and co-production


  • Can independently choose and apply theories, methods, and data relevant to answer a chosen research question regarding citizen participation and the third sector.

Type of instruction

Lectures combined with exercises.



Name of examCitizens, the Third Sector and the State
Type of exam
Written exam
Assessment7-point grading scale
Type of gradingInternal examination
Criteria of assessmentThe criteria of assessment are stated in the Examination Policies and Procedures

Facts about the module

Danish titleBorgere, den tredje sektor og staten
Module codeBAPAS22VF08
Module typeCourse
Duration1 semester
Language of instructionEnglish
Location of the lectureCampus Aalborg
Responsible for the module


Study BoardStudy Board of Politics and Society
DepartmentDepartment of Politics and Society
FacultyFaculty of Social Sciences and Humanities