Sensors and Systems


Prerequisite/Recommended prerequisite for participation in the module

Students are recommended to have knowledge about probability and stochastic processes/systems; knowledge about optimization and fundamental concepts in machine learning.

Content, progress and pedagogy of the module

Sensors are essential to data collection and thus an essential part of virtually any electronic system. As a consequence, they are also becoming small and cheap, and with the ongoing rapid introduction of ubiquitous wireless networking technologies, advanced sensors are quickly becoming a cornerstone of embedded systems to facilitate Internet-of-Things. The purpose of this course is to give the student insight to sensor operation, data representation and processing, and implementation in embedded systems.

Learning objectives


  • Advanced sensors for selected application domains, e.g. biological, medical, environmental or industrial measurement contexts
  • Representation of signals for embedded systems and fusing of signals from non-homogeneous sources
  • Signal processing for sensor signals, e.g. nonlinear filtering methods such as extended Kalman filter, unscented Kalman filter, particle filter and machine learning
  • Performance metrics of sensor systems, such as power efficiency, reliability, computing efficiency


  • Should be able to represent sensor signals and apply sensor signal processing for implementation in embedded systems
  • Should be able to apply algorithm and computational analysis to the implemented sensor system in order to meet required accuracy and resource constraints
  • Can analyze systems with multiple sensors and apply techniques to extract relevant information


  • Capable of designing sensor system HW/SW according to defined requirements, including signal representation and processing as applicable to embedded systems

Type of instruction

As described in §17



Name of examSensors and Systems
Type of exam
Written or oral exam
Assessment7-point grading scale
Type of gradingInternal examination
Criteria of assessmentThe criteria of assessment are stated in the Examination Policies and Procedures

Facts about the module

Danish titleSensorer og systemer
Module codeESNESK2K1
Module typeCourse
Duration1 semester
Language of instructionEnglish
Empty-place SchemeYes
Location of the lectureCampus Aalborg
Responsible for the module


Study BoardStudy Board of Electronics and IT
DepartmentDepartment of Electronic Systems
FacultyTechnical Faculty of IT and Design